Hints and tips for Stains: Always check remedy on a piece of material that will not spoil
the garment. Solvents are Carbon tetrachloride/ methylated spirits/ lemon
juice/vinegar/alcohol or benzine. Powdered
substances with absorbent properties are normally best mixed into a paste first
with water. These include pepsin, oats, salt, fullers earth, bran, sand
breadcrumbs, talcum powder, soft cloths and cotton wool. Ammonia and washing
soda are emulsifiers and mix with grease or resins to make them easier to wash
out. Do not use acetone on anything but natural fibers, paraffin will counteract
the effect of acetone. Do not ever use petrol on silk and rub, it can cause a
spark which can explode in the vapour.
- Alcohol is useful for removing watermarks..
- Ball point pen ink- methylated spirits and hot water in equal quantities,
add a few drops ammonia and soak the stain. Rinse in hot water. Dettol or
eau de cologne can also move this,
- Beetroot: rub with soap and leave wet in the sun to bleach.
- Beer: add some white vinegar to washing water. Non washable fabrics need
sponging with methylated spirits and rub soap into the mark let dry and
- Blood use strong soda water. Try and soak the stain ina liter of cold water to which
a teaspoon salt has been added before it dries.
- Chewing gum. chill and remove what you can then wipe of with a rag soaked
- Chocolate : non washable fabrics use carbon tetrachloride, dry and then
sponge with warm water and dust with powdered pepsin or any dry colorless
substance with absorbent properties. Leave for 30 minutes and then sponge
- Cream- dab detergent, rub lightly and pour hot water though the mark.
- Deodorant stains: non washable fabrics use benzine.
- Dye stains can be moved by soaking the garment in milk overnight.
- Fruit and fruit juice: stretch fabric over bowl and pour hot water though
stain wash normally. Old stains treat with glycerine. Non washable
fabrics: use cold water and then glycerine leave for an hour then sponge
with a solvent such as Carbon tetrachloride/ methylated spirits or benzine.
- Grease: Absorb the grease with blotting paper or kitchen towel. Use oats,
salt or any dry colorless substance to soak the grease up. A dry stain can
be treated with salt and carbon tetrachloride paste or a dry cleaning spray.
Washable fabrics can be soaked in eucalyptus oil for an hour then washed
normally. For non washable fabrics sponge with benzine. Undiluted detergent
can also be applied and then pour really hot water though the stain or use
dettol and do the same thing.
- Motor car grease: rub well with another clear fat, or use salt disolved in
ammonia, wash as usual.
- Mulberry stains must be treated immediately by rubbing with a lemon and
wash in soapy water
- Gravy: Wash in lukewarm water then soak in cool saline water, adding a
little ammonia. Rewash in soapy water.
- Ink Absorb the stain with paper or salt. then soak fresh stains in cold
water. Old stains on white fabric can be covered with a cream of tartar and
lemon juice paste. Leave for an hour wash and rinse, new stains treat with a
5% solution of oxalic acid and warm water.. Colored fabrics need turpentine
and then a wash and rinse. Non washable fabrics: apply the above solutions
with a sponge and pat dry.
- Lipstick: washable fabrics rub in Vaseline/glycerine/ methylated spirits
to loosen the stain. Dry cleanable fabrics use carbon tetrachloride sponged
- Mildew can be moved with sour milk if soaked overnight. This is without
doubt the worst stain to remove. another method is to rub with soap and then
sprinkle with fine chalk. Expose to the sun. You will possibly have to do
this a few times to be effective.
- Milk: Washable fabrics can be washed in cool water. Delicate fabrics
soaked in glycerine and warm water, rub gently then wash normally. Non
washable fabrics: sponge with ethylated spirits and dab with cold water.
remove perspiration stains- sponge the area with vinegar or make a solution of
three crushed asprin and the same amount of cream of tartar or eau de
cologne, mix with a
little water and apply to stain. or use a bicarbonate of soda solution Leave 20 minutes then
wash normally. White fabrics respond well to a mixture of lemon juice and
marks on vinyl can be removed with hairspray.
- Scorch marks: Use a cut lemon and leave in the sun. Non washable fabrics
rub lightly with a solution of 1 tsp borax to a cup of water. An onion with
60g of fullers earth and 250 ml of vinegar boiled and cooled will remove
scorch marks if the paste is spread over the mark and left to dry. Brush
itof and wash in cold water. On white fabrics use a cut lemon and allow to
dry in the sun. Woolens and silks sometimes respond to a paste of borax and
glycerine, left for an hour then carefully washed. Sometimes putting a
scorched article immediately in boiling water can help, but make sure the
fabric can take it.
- Mud- washable fabrics- let dry and then brush off, rub the remaining marks
with boiled potato water or a borax solution. 28g to 500 ml water. For non
washable fabrics use carbon tetrachloride, but first test the fabric.
- PVA paint. cover with a rag soaked in vinegar and leave overnight. Scrape
of as much of the paint as you can and wash. Cold glue needs the same
- Wax-place blotting paper/tissue paper over the stain and press with a hot